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511CE

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§Byzantine Empire

Riots erupt in Antioch between supporters of Patriarch Flavian II and emperor Anastasius I.

§Europe

Visigoths Gesalic was driven from the throne by Ibbas and fled to Africa. He attempted to get aid from the Vandals and the Ostrogoths, but failed. Eventually he launched an invasion of Iberia from Gallia Aquitania but was defeated by Ibbas's army and killed at the end of the year. Theodoric acted as regent for Gesalic's half-brother, Amalaric, until Amalaric was old enough to take the throne.

The Frankish Kingdom is split in four after the death of Clovis I: Childebert I becomes king of Paris, Clotaire I king of Soissons, Chlodomer king of Orléans, and Theuderic I king of Rheims and Austrasia.

Austrasia

Austrasia formed the north-eastern portion of the Kingdom of the Merovingian Franks, comprising parts of the territory of present-day eastern France, western Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Metz served as its primary capital, although some Austrasian kings ruled from Rheims also. Austrasia was also used as a term for northeast Italy, as opposed to Neustria, which meant the northwest. Neustria was also the name for the West Frankish state under the Merovingians.

After the death of the Frankish king Clovis I this year, his four sons partitioned his kingdom amongst themselves, with Theuderic I receiving the lands that were to become Austrasia. Descended from Theuderic, a line of kings ruled Austrasia until 555 CE, when it was united with the other Frankish kingdoms of Chlothar I, who inherited all the Frankish realms by 558 CE. He redivided the Frankish territory amongst his four sons, but the four kingdoms coalesced into three on the death of Charibert I in 567 CE: Austrasia under Sigebert I, Neustria under Chilperic I, and Burgundy under Guntram. These three kingdoms defined the political division of Francia until the rise of the Carolingians and even thereafter.

From 567 CE to the death of Sigbert II in 613 CE, Neustria and Austrasia were almost constantly at odds, with Burgundy playing the peacemaker between them. These struggles reached their climax in the wars between Brunhilda and Fredegund, queens respectively of Austrasia and Neustria. Finally, in 613 CE, a rebellion by the nobility against Brunhilda saw her betrayed and handed over to her nephew and foe of Neustria, Chlothar II. Chlothar then took control of the other two kingdoms and set up a united Frankish kingdom with its capital in Paris. It was during this period that the first majores domus or mayors of the palace appeared. These officials acted as mediators between king and people in each realm. The first Austrasian mayors were drawn from the Pippinid family, which was to experience a slow, but steady ascent until it eventually displaced the Merovingian on the throne.

In 623 CE, the Austrasians asked Chlothar II for a king of their own and he appointed his son Dagobert I to rule over them with Pepin of Landen as regent. Dagobert's government in Austrasia was widely admired. In 629 CE, he inherited Neustria and Burgundy. Austrasia was again neglected until, in 633 CE, the people demanded the king's son as their own king again. Dagobert complied and sent his elder son Sigebert III to Austrasia. Sigebert is widely regarded by historians as the first roi fainéant or do-nothing king of the Merovingian dynasty. His court was dominated by the mayors. In 657 CE, the mayor Grimoald the Elder succeeded in putting his son Childebert the Adopted on the throne, where he remained until 662 CE. Thereafter, Austrasia was predominantly the kingdom of the Arnulfing mayors of the palace and their base of power. With the Battle of Tertry in 687 CE, Pepin of Heristal defeated the Neustrian king Theuderic III and established his mayoralty over all the Frankish kingdoms. This was even regarded by contemporaries as the beginning of his "reign". It also signaled the dominance of Austrasia over Neustria which was to last until the end of the Merovingian era. In 718 CE, Charles Martel, with Austrasian support in his war against Neustria, each struggling to unite Francia under their hegemony, appointed one Chlothar IV to rule in Austrasia. This was the last Frankish ruler who did not rule over all the Franks. In 719 CE, Francia was united permanently under Austrasian hegemony.

Under the Carolingians and subsequently, Austrasia is sometimes used as a denominator for the east of their realm, the Carolingian Empire. It has been used as a synonym for East Francia, though this is somewhat inaccurate.

§Religion

  • Macedonius II is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople, and replaced by Timothy I. Timothy directed that the Ter Sanctus should be recited with the addition of "Who was crucified for us", which led to disturbances in two churches, in which many were slain.
  • King Clovis I of the Franks convenes the First Council of Orléans.
  • The convent of St. Césaire is built in Arles.

§Deaths

November 27th Clovis I, King of the Franks, Laid the foundation for the later creation of France.

§Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austrasia

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