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§Middle East


Sennacherib is the ruler.


Khumma-Khaldash I is the sixth ruler of the Late Elam Dynasty.


Manasseh is king of Judah.


Gyges is king of Lydia.


A helot revolt caused a Second Messenian War between the states of Messenia and Sparta. As a result of the two decade First Messenian War ending in 724 BCE, the Messenian people became enslaved as helots and declared serfs of the state following Spartan victory in the west region of the Peloponnese.

The Second Messenian War was the result of revolt by the helot population of Messenia, supported with the aid of the Argives.


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